Manage and protect biodiversity
Heathrow covers an area of over 1,200 hectares. As well as runways, terminals and aircraft stands, the airport includes grassland, other landscaped areas and a variety of natural habitats including:
- Standing Water
- Rivers and Streams
- Dry Lowland Grassland
- Lowland Mixed Deciduous Woodland
- Wet Willow Woodland
- Wet Grassland
We are committed to responsible land ownership and have a system in place to assess and minimize the biodiversity impacts of our operations and development projects, such as enhancing the River Crane.
We have a biodiversity programme designed to ensure that land is used efficiently and managed with consideration for nature.
Heathrow has recorded 134 species that hold some level of rarity or are part of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan status.
Away from the airfield, we actively manage around 100 hectares across 13 sites for the benefit of nature conservation. This includes four reserve areas that are open for local people to visit and use for recreation.
We are the only UK airport to have been awarded The Wildlife Trust’s Biodiversity Benchmark Award for over 3 years running. This acknowledges our continuous commitment to Biodiversity improvements, and compliance with stringent requirements.
Each year, as part of our commitment to improving biodiversity at Heathrow, we send a letter to keep those partners whom we work with informed of news, issues and progress. Click here to read this year's letter.
For more information on our progress in this area see our Action Plan Summary (449KB PDF) and the River Crane 2012 - 2013 Water Quality and Ecology Overview (2MB PDF).